John Paul Stevens born April 20, is a retired associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States who served from December 19, until his retirement on June 29, At the time of his retirement, he was the oldest Justice then serving, the second-oldest serving Justice in the history of the Court, and the third longest-serving Supreme Court Justice in history. Stevens is widely considered to have been on the liberal side of the Court at the time of his retirement.
Stevens, who traced his American ancestry to the midth century, attended the University of Chicagowhere he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in After the war, he attended the Northwestern University School of Law, graduating in He clerked for Wiley B.
Rutledge —48an associate justice of the Supreme Court, before joining a Chicago law firm to specialize in antitrust law.
He also taught law part-time at the University of Chicago and Northwestern University and served on various public commissions, including as counsel for a House of Representatives subcommittee that investigated the power of monopolies.
In President Richard M.
Nixon appointed Stevens circuit judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh circuit, where he gained a reputation for his scholarly acumen and well-written decisions. After Justice William O.
Douglas retired inStevens was appointed to the U. Supreme Court by President Gerald R. Fordwinning unanimous approval by the U.
Although he was expected to serve as a conservative counterbalance to the remnants of the liberal court of Earl WarrenStevens proved to be an independently minded justice who occupied a moderately liberal position on the court.
For example, his dissents in cases involving gay rights and race-conscious districting the practice of creating electoral districts in which racial minorities, especially African Americans and Hispanics, constitute a majority of the voting population represented a defense of the rights of groups that historically had been disenfranchised or discriminated against.
Johnson that flag burning is protected under the First Amendment. Although he coauthored the majority opinion in Jurek v. Texaswhich reinstated the death penalty in the United States, he remained suspicious of capital punishmentopposing it for convicted rapists and for those under age 18 at the time their crimes were committed.
Eventually he concluded that adequate protections against bias and error in capital cases no longer existed, and in he renounced the death penalty as unconstitutional.
He remained committed to the legal right to abortion established in Roe v. In the final analysis, Stevens could be considered not so much a liberal as a centrist who was increasingly isolated by a newer and more conservative bloc.
At the time of his retirement in JuneStevens was the third longest-serving justice. A Supreme Court Memoir was published in In he released Six Amendments: Stevens was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in Stevens was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in Stevens, right, swears in Chief Justice John Roberts.
On January 20, , Stevens administered the oath of office to Vice President Joe Biden at Biden's request. John Paul Stevens, the st Justice to serve on the supreme court of the United States, and the first appointed by President Gerald R.
Ford. John Paul Stevens became a member of the high court in December of John Stevens Biography Inventor, Lawyer (–) American inventor John Stevens contributed to the development of steamboat travel and helped create the railway system in the United monstermanfilm.com: Jun 26, Learn more about John Paul Stevens, Lawyer and Judge.
After the war, Stevens enrolled at the American inventor John Stevens contributed to the. John Paul Stevens: John Paul Stevens In President Richard M. Nixon appointed Stevens circuit judge of the United States Court of Appeals for Biography of.
John Paul Stevens: An Independent Life Judge Stevens, The unsatisfied might wish to read about John Paul Stevens' exploits as a lawyer when he busted the /5(6).