A chain of protests, sit-ins, and strikes by millions of Egyptians starting January 25, eventually led to the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak on February In late January, Jamal al-Hajji, a writer, political commentator and accountant, "call[ed] on the Internet for demonstrations to be held in support of greater freedoms in Libya" inspired by the Tunisian and Egyptian revolutions. He was arrested on 1 February by plain-clothes police officers, and charged on 3 February with injuring someone with his car.
Note that the test assumes that the concepts underlying the questions have been discussed in class. The answers have been supplied by TWM. The British Empire was one of the great empires of the world, lasting from the s to the middle of the 20th century.
It was the world's largest colonial empire. At its height, after World War I, it contained possessions in every continent, covering more than 20 percent of the world's land area and governing more than million people. Early in his career Gandhi described campaigns of nonviolent mass action as "passive resistance.
Does the term "passive resistance" accurately describe a campaign of nonviolent mass action? Explain your answer focusing on each of the two words of the phrase. Nonviolent mass action is very active.
However, it is not violent and that is how the term "passive resistance" came into use. Passive resistance has its most poignant and impressive example when nonviolent activists do not fight back when assaulted by police or thugs determined to maintain the status quo.
There is no one correct answer. A good answer will show an understanding of the nature of nonviolent mass action. What follows is a sample response that covers all the bases. A good response would include half of these concepts: The word "passive" is accurate in that nonviolent resisters don't physically strike their opponents.
However, "passive" is not accurate in the political, emotional, or moral sense.
Persons involved in nonviolent mass action are seeking to change political or social reality, usually in a very aggressive way.
They are making things very emotionally difficult for their opponents. Nonviolent mass action seeks to make people look at their actions or their beliefs with a new ethical perspective.
It challenges long held beliefs and established customs of behavior. In this sense, the word "passive" is incorrect. The word "resistance" is also both appropriate and inappropriate. A nonviolent protester "resists" the normal operation of the status quo in an effort to make it grind to a halt or in an effort to change it.
At the same time, this "resistance" is very dynamic because it seeks to create change, often dramatic change. Thus Gandhi, in South Africa, "resisted" enforcement of the pass laws for the purpose of fundamentally changing society to improve treatment of people of Indian descent.
What benefits have the people of the United States, black, white and others, derived from the influence of Mahatma Gandhi? Gandhi provided tactics and a theory by which the black community in the U.
It provided a means to force social change without violence. The Civil Rights Movement has enriched the ethics of the United States and made it less hypocritical. All Americans are its beneficiaries, for while black people obtained freedom from the restrictions of segregation, whites and other Americans to the extent they learned from the Civil Rights Movement freed themselves of the unethical conduct called segregation and brought their society more in line with the principles of the Declaration of Independence.
The benefits were immense for both. As for other minorities, the prohibitions on racial segregation have also outlawed discrimination against them and they have benefitted from the understanding of the evils of racism that grew out of the Civil Rights Movement.
Methods of nonviolent mass action can be separated into three categories.India would see some campaigns of nonviolent direct action in subsequent decades — including the Chipko movement for forest conservation, which started in the s. Yet these newer efforts would be much smaller than the major satyagrahas of Gandhi’s time.
Critique of Nonviolent Politics. From Mahatma Gandhi to the Anti-Nuclear Movement. Part II Gandhi: A Critical History. 8 Father of Nonviolence 17 Nonviolent Direct Action 18 Consensus Decision Making 19 Open, Friendly, and Respectful Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 The y chromosome lineage of genghis khan April 6 December ), popularly known as Baba Saheb, was an Indian a critical view on gandhis nonviolent direct action jurist, economist, politician Dissertation writing software and social reformer who.
"Nonviolent direct action" is also sometimes referred to as "nonviolent conflict." Please also refer to the collection of online articles by Mohandas K. Gandhi and other resources at the Gandhi Museum and Library in Mumbai. Also see Carter, Clark, and Randle's extensive online bibliography A Guide to Civil Resistance and other resources on that site.
"Nonviolent direct action" is also sometimes referred to as "nonviolent conflict." Please also refer to the collection of online articles by Mohandas K. Gandhi and other resources at the Gandhi Museum and Library in Mumbai. Also see Carter, Clark, and Randle's extensive online bibliography A Guide to Civil Resistance and other resources on that .
In general, advocates of an activist philosophy of nonviolence use diverse methods in their campaigns for social change, including critical forms of education and persuasion, mass noncooperation, civil disobedience, nonviolent direct action, and social, political, cultural and economic forms of intervention.