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As defined by Madison, a faction was a number of citizens, whether a majority or minority, who were united and activated "by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community. The first was to destroy the liberty essential to their existence.
This remedy would be worse than the disease. The second was to give everyone the same opinions, passions, and interests. Woven into the fabric of all societies, deeply planted in the very nature of man, were conflicting ideas, interests, and passions.
The greatest source of factions had always been the various and unequal distribution of property, said Madison: Those who hold, and those who are without property, have ever formed distinct interests in society. Those who are creditors, and those who are debtors.
The regulation of these various and interfering interests forms the principal task of modern Legislation. The inference to which we are brought, is, that the causes of faction cannot be removed; and that relief is only to be sought in the means of controlling its effects.
Such effects could be better controlled in a large society under a representative form of government than in a small society under a popular form of government. The proposed constitution would check the power of factions by balancing one against the other.
Factious leaders might "kindle a flame" in one state, but would be unable to spread a general conflagration throughout the states. Eventually, James Madison lost faith in a one party system, and helped organize which political party to compete with the Federalists?The Federalist Papers study guide contains a biography of Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madison, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Materials | Copies of Federalist 10 for each student, legal-sized sheets of paper for student groups or online flow chart creators if technology is available, Teacher key Federalist 10 flowchart.
Teacher Background Information. James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay wrote the Federalist Papers under the penname Publius. Publius Valerius Publicola (died BC) was one of the first republican .
Federalist Paper #10 is one essay in a series of papers written mostly by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton, fighting for the ratification of the United States Constitution. In Federalist Paper #10 James Madison addresses the issue of “how to guard against factions.”.
51 was an essay published by American politician and statesman, James Madison, on February 6, It was the fifty-first paper in a series of 85 articles that are collectively known as the Federalist Papers. The paper, James Madison: Federalist, is an abbreviated and slightly altered version of a published essay from "James Madison: Memory, Service, and Fame," edited by Peter McNamara (London: Rowman & Littlefield, ), Analysis.
Madison's definition of a "faction," or political party, is interesting and most significant in view of the fact that Madison soon ceased to be one of the Federalists who believed in a one-party system, and became Jefferson's most active lieutenant in organizing in opposition the Democratic-Republican Party, which was strongly Anti-Federalist and took power after