An overview of the religious extremes

The summaries that follow are just that: Each religion has numberless sects and differences of opinion over doctrine, politics and just about anything one can think of.

An overview of the religious extremes

Features[ edit ] Steffen gives several features associated with religious fanaticism or extremism: Engraving by Bernard Picart See also: Christianity and violence Ever since Christianity was established, some of those in authority have sought to expand and control the church, often through the fanatical use of force.

Religious fanaticism - Wikipedia

Grant Shafer says, "Jesus of Nazareth is best known as a preacher of nonviolence. Ellens says, "When Christianity came to power in the empire of Constantine, it proceeded almost to viciously repress all non-Christians and all Christians who did not line up with official Orthodox ideology, policy, and practice".

These wars were attempts by the Catholics, sanctioned by the Popeto reclaim the Holy Land from the Muslims. However many Catholics see the crusades as a just war in self-defense. Charles Selengut, in his book Sacred Fury: Understanding Religious Violence, said: On their way to conquering the Holy Land from the Muslims by force of arms, the crusaders destroyed dozens of Jewish communities and killed thousands because the Jews would not accept the Christian faith.

An overview of the religious extremes

Jews had to be killed in the religious campaign because their very existence challenged the sole truth espoused by the Christian Church. Selengut said, "The inquisitions were attempts at self-protection and targeted primarily "internal enemies" of the church".

The inquisitors generally saw themselves as educators helping people maintain correct beliefs by pointing out errors in knowledge and judgment Punishment and death came only to those who refused to admit their errors The investigators had to invent all sorts of techniques, including torture, to ascertain whether Khawarij Extremism within Islam goes back to its founder Mohammed and his war against local pagans.

Even more extreme forms, go back to the 7th century to the Kharijites. The Kharijites were particularly noted for adopting a radical approach to Takfirwhereby they declared other Muslims to be unbelievers and therefore deemed them worthy of death.

In the religious context, jihad most nearly means "working urgently for a certain godly objective, generally an imperialist one". The struggle can be a struggle of implementing the Islamic values in daily activities, a struggle with others to counter arguments against Islam, or self-defense when physically attacked because of belief in Islam.

As Steffen says, though, "Jihad in these uses is always defensive. According to them, true Muslims will pursue it by any means necessary, including dissimulation, civil coercionand the killing of innocents". Freedom 24 According to certain observers this disregard for others and rampant use of violence is markedly different from the peaceful message that jihad is meant to employ.

Although fanatic jihadists have committed many terroristic acts throughout the world, perhaps the best known is the September 11 attacks. According to Ellens, the al-Qaeda members who took part in the terrorist attacks did so out of their belief that, by doing it, they would "enact a devastating blow against the evil of secularized and non-Muslim America.It is significant that the first systematic treatise in the discipline of anthropology, Edward B.

Tylor's Primitive Culture (), had Religion in Primitive Culture as its subtitle, and that the first person to be appointed to a professorial chair of social anthropology in Britain was Sir James Frazer, author of the monumental study of comparative folklore, magic, and religion, The Golden Bough.

An Overview of the World's Religions. Introduction. It should be kept in mind at all times that no religion is monolithic. The summaries that follow are just that: summaries. Everyone knows he is destined for greatness because he has mastered all the rituals and wisdom of his religion at an early age.

His village is idyllic, and Siddhartha seems to live an enviable life.

His father is a Brahmin, a religious leader and esteemed member of the community. Saints, Sinners and Reformers The Burned-Over District Re-Visited by John H. Martin An Overview of the Burned-Over District. In between these extremes, the religious effervescences gave the name of "The Burned Over District" to western New York.

Just as a forest fire can sweep all before it, the religious and reforming urges swept their. Aug 01,  · The World’s Muslims: Religion, Politics and Society Overwhelming percentages of Muslims in many countries want Islamic law (sharia) to be the official law of the land, according to a worldwide survey by the Pew Research Center.

Religious fanaticism is uncritical zeal or with an obsessive enthusiasm related to one's own, or one's group's, devotion to a religion – a form of human fanaticism which could otherwise be expressed in one's other involvements and participation, including employment, role, and partisan affinities.

Religion: An Overview of the World's Religions