A largely self-taught man in science, he is commonly known as " the Father of Microbiology ", and one of the first microscopists and microbiologists. Van Leeuwenhoek is best known for his pioneering work in microscopy and for his contributions toward the establishment of microbiology as a scientific discipline.
Early life and career van Leeuwenhoek's birth house in Delft, Antonie van leeuwenhoek the Netherlands, in before it was demolished Antonie van Leeuwenhoek was born in DelftDutch Republicon 24 October On 4 November, he was baptized as Thonis.
His father, Philips Antonisz van Leeuwenhoek, was a basket maker who died when Antonie was only five years old. His mother, Margaretha Bel van den Berchcame from a well-to-do brewer's family. She remarried Jacob Jansz Molijn, a painter. Antonie had four older sisters: Margriet, Geertruyt, Neeltje, and Catharina.
He attended school in Warmond for a short time before being sent to live in Benthuizen with his uncle, an attorney. At the age of 16 he became a bookkeeper's apprentice at a linen-draper's shop in Amsterdam,  which was owned by the Scot William Davidson.
Van Leeuwenhoek left there after six years.
That same year he returned to Delft, where he would live and study for the rest of his life. He opened a draper's shop, which he ran throughout the s.
His wife died inand inVan Leeuwenhoek remarried to Cornelia Swalmius with whom he had no children. In he received a lucrative job as chamberlain for the assembly chamber of the Delft sheriffs in the city halla position which he would hold for almost 40 years.
In he was appointed as a land surveyor by the court of Holland ; at some time he combined it with another municipal job, being the official "wine-gauger" of Delft and in charge of the city wine imports and taxation. It has been suggested that he is the man portrayed in two Vermeer paintings of the late s, The Astronomer and The Geographerbut others argue that there appears to be little physical similarity.
Because they were both relatively important men in a city with only 24, inhabitants, it is likely that they were at least acquaintances; Van Leeuwenhoek acted as the executor of Vermeer's will after the painter died in Microscopic discovery of microorganisms While running his draper shop, van Leeuwenhoek wanted to see the quality of the thread better than what was possible using the magnifying lenses of the time.
He developed an interest in lensmaking, although few records exist of his early activity. Van Leeuwenhoek's interest in microscopes and a familiarity with glass processing led to one of the most significant, and simultaneously well-hidden, technical insights in the history of science.
Then, by reinserting the end of one whisker into the flame, he could create a very small, high-quality glass sphere. These spheres became the lenses of his microscopes, with the smallest spheres providing the highest magnifications.The Netherlands Cancer Institute, for more than years at the international forefront of cancer research and treatment.
Han van Meegeren's Mansion Primavera in Roquebrune Cap Martin. It was here, in , that Van Meegeren painted his forgery Christand the Disciples at Emmaus, which later sold for about $, Journal Title Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Coverage Volume 1 / - Volume / Print ISSN Online ISSN Publisher Springer International Publishing.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft on 24 October In , van Leeuwenhoek was apprenticed to a textile merchant, which is where he probably first encountered magnifying glasses, which. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek will publish high quality papers on fundamental and applied aspects of the microbiology of Bacteria, Archaea and Eukaryotic microbes.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch microscopist who was the first to observe bacteria and protozoa. His researches on lower animals refuted the doctrine of spontaneous generation, and his observations helped lay the foundations for the sciences of bacteriology and protozoology.
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