This research question guides the three papers included in the present dissertation.
Story[ edit ] In the original tale, a proud town mouse visits his cousin in the country. The country mouse offers the city mouse a meal of simple country cuisine, at which the visitor scoffs and invites the country mouse back to the city for a taste of the "fine life" and the two cousins dine like emperors.
But their rich and delicious metropolitan feast is interrupted by a couple of dogs which force the rodent cousins to abandon their meal and scurry to safety. After this, the country mouse decides to return home, preferring security to opulence or, as the 13th-century preacher Odo of Cheriton phrased it, "I'd rather gnaw a bean than be gnawed by continual fear".
His Latin version  or that of Odo of Cheriton has been credited as the source of the fable that appeared in the Spanish Libro de Buen Amor of Juan Ruiz in the first half of the 14th century.
This consists of two sonnets, the first of which tells the story and the second contains a moral reflection. British variations[ edit ] British poetical treatments of the story vary widely. Four final stanzas lines — draw out the moral that it is better to limit one's ambition and one's appetites, warning those who make the belly their god that The cat cummis and to the mous hes ee.
Henryson attributes the story to Esope, myne author where Sir Thomas Wyatt makes it a song sung by "My mothers maydes when they did sowe and spynne" in the second of his satires.
In the second half of the poem lines 70— Wyatt addresses his interlocutor John Poynz on the vanity of human wishes. Horace, on the other hand, had discussed his own theme at great length before closing on the story. The reference is direct in The hind and the panther transvers'd to the story of the country-mouse and the city mouse, written by Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax and Matthew Prior in Part of the fun there is that in reality the Horatian retelling is far more sophisticated than the 'plain simple thing' that Bayes pretends it is, especially in its depiction of Roman town-life at the height of its power.
It is this aspect of Horace's writing that is underlined by the two adaptations of his satire made by other Augustan authors. The first was a joint work by the friends Thomas Sprat and Abraham Cowley written in Horace has the story told by a garrulous countryman, a guise that Cowley takes on with delicate self-irony.
It allows him to adapt the comforts of the imperial city described by Horace to those of Restoration London, with references to contemporary high cuisine and luxury furnishings such as Mortlake Tapestries. Cowley's portion appeared separately under the title of The Country Mouse in his volume of essays.
At a slightly later date Rowland Rugeley was to imitate their performance in much the same manner in "The City Mouse and Country Mouse: Dried grey peas and bacon are frequently mentioned and it is these two that the early 19th century author Richard Scrafton Sharpe uses in a repetitive refrain to his lyrical treatment of "The Country Mouse and the City Mouse".
The stories are told in song measures rather than narrative, and it was in a later edition that this retelling appeared. This cat had never tasted a bit of bread, and had come no nearer a mouse than to find its tracks in the dust.
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Gary DeVaney Intelligence Is Categorical. Thomas Paine: "Belief in a cruel God makes a cruel man.". The God Murders website put the Biblical God . Pan was the ancient Greek god of shepherds and hunters, and of the meadows and forests of the mountain wilds. His unseen presence aroused panic in those who traversed his realm.
Pan idled in the rugged countryside of Arcadia, playing his panpipes and chasing Nymphs.
Pan was depicted as a man with the horns, legs and tail of a goat, a thick beard, snub nose and pointed ears.