Berger and Thomas Luckmann both argue that reality is socially constructed by the knowledge of the people for social reality is produced and communicated amongst others. They emphasize on the fact that human is a part of a product of society and vice versa: They argue the meanings that we, as human, interpret from the messages and what we situate ourselves in, is affected by our knowledge, our surroundings and our interactions.
Gender identity can be affected by, and is different from one society to another depending on the way the members of society evaluate the role of females and males. Our gender identity can be influenced from the ethnicity of the group, their historical and cultural background, family values and religion.
Often people confuse or misuse the terms gender and sex. To make the distinction clearer one could consider that we inherit the sex but we learn our gender Boss, Gender is a structural feature of society and the sociological significance of gender is that it is a devise by which society controls its members Henslin, Gender like social class and race can be used to socially categorize people and even lead to prejudice and discrimination.
Prejudice is a set of attitudes, more likely unfavorable, towards members of a group Pennsylvania State University Discrimination is overt negative behaviors towards a person based on his or her membership in a group Pennsylvania State University When there is differential treatment of people based on their sex the term sexism defines this behavior.
Gender discrimination is another way one could define sexism and in particular this is associated with discrimination and stereotyped beliefs against women.
Stereotype ideas and beliefs regarding women, although they have been changed and improved, are still evident in our country and in other modern cultures. Unfortunately in several countries around the world such as Arabian courtiers, Africa and India things have not changed much and women are still considered a minority and do not have equal access and rights in their societies as do males Henslin, This variation regarding gender around the world makes prominent that gender identity is influenced by social variables and has little to do with biological variables.
There are many different processes by which the expectations associated with being a boy or a girl is passed on through society. I recently attended a baby shower party and I was shocked first by the amount of items a baby needs and even more about the color choice of each item.
Everything was pink, as a baby girl was expected, and honestly I never imaged how many different shades of pink actually exist for products such as baby clothes. The house decoration was pink, people were wearing pink or pastel colors, all the gift wrappers pink as well as the gifts themselves.
My gift was one of the few items of a different color, as I chose yellow and light purple items, which was actually a challenging task to find as most of the items in the store I shopped were blue or pink.
The social construction of gender could be further been seen by the way parents behave to their children, by their expectations about how their children should behave and act, and by the toys they buy for them. For example girls are supposed to play with dolls and be sweet and emotional and boys are supposed to play with action figures and be aggressive and rational.
Therefore clothes, toys, and even the language used with young children follow the trend of stereotyping gender. Children learn by modeling and the messages they receive and act accordingly. An example similar to the dress code we having for children can also be seen with adults, particularly in the colors, fabrics and designs specific to each gender.
Another example is the situation of a female working in the business field that is expected to dress in masculine way in order to be considered successful and to be taken more seriously.
This could demonstrate again how social influences affect gender expectations and shape behaviors and norm regarding gender.
Apart from the family, which is the first agent of socialization and learning gender identity, children learn from other sources such as school. Starting from the first years of school, including day care center years, children learn their gender identity from playing and interacting with other children and care providers.
By visiting a child care program one may notice that the environment is arranged in ways to promote gender identity.Emotional Intelligence And Social Intelligence Education Essay.
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Published: 23rd March, Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Emotional Intelligence and Social Intelligence are interwoven, in the sense that people are.
Man is a social product” (61). Berger and Luckman argue that one must understand both the objective and subjective aspects of reality. To do so, one should view society in terms of an “ongoing dialectical process composed of the three moments of externalization, objectivation, and internalization” ().
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