Internet Sources The most interesting and influential thinker in the fifth century was Socrateswhose dedication to careful reasoning transformed the entire enterprise. Since he sought genuine knowledge rather than mere victory over an opponent, Socrates employed the same logical tricks developed by the Sophists to a new purpose, the pursuit of truth. Thus, his willingness to call everything into question and his determination to accept nothing less than an adequate account of the nature of things make him the first clear exponent of critical philosophy.
The best account of life and work of one of the most influential philosophers of all times is given by the later classical writers, in the first place by his students Plato and Xenophon and the playwright Aristophanes who was his contemporary.
Despite that, the mentioned writers reveal that the ancient Greek philosopher made important contributions to philosophy as well as epistemology and logic. He is the inventor of the so-called Socratic method or elenchus which remains one of the most commonly used approaches not only to answer the fundamental questions of philosophy but it also serves as a tool for scientific research.
He did not write any philosophical works or left any writings.
The knowledge we have about him both as a historical figure and philosopher is based exclusively on later classical writings. This makes it very difficult to create a picture of his life, work and philosophical thought. As a result, some consider Xenophon to be more reliable source of information about Socrates as a historical figure.
From their writing, we find out that the renowned ancient Greek philosopher was born to Sophroniscus, a stonemason or perhaps a sculptor and his wife Phaenarete who was a midwife. He spent his life in Athens where he was born but details of his early life are scarce.
He is said to participate in the Peloponnesian War BCE and that he married relatively late with Xanthippe who was much younger from him.
She bore him three sons — Lamprocles, Sophroniscus and Menexenus. It is not certain what Socrates did for a living. According to Xenophon, he was completely devoted to philosophy, while Aristophanes says that he earned a living by teaching at a school he ran with Chaerephon.
Plato, however, rejects the accounts of Socrates being paid for teaching. Then there are also accounts of him working as a stonemason, like his father. In the antiquity, he was credited with the creation of the Three Graces statues near Acropolis but this has been rejected by modern scholars.
It is speculated that his role of gadfly might had been one of the leading causes for his trial and execution. At the trial, he apparently proposed that he should be paid a wage by the government and free dinners for lifetime when he had been asked to propose a punishment for his wrongdoing.
Trial and Execution Those who persecuted and tried Socrates did not left any records. They tell us that Meletus, Lycon and Anytus charged Socrates with impiety and corrupting the minds of the youth of Athens.
Both Plato and Xenophon tell us that he had an opportunity to escape and that his friend Crito even bribed the guards in the prison but he decided to stay.
He is regarded as one of the most influential philosophers of the ancient era and is credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. Although he remains an enigmatic figure, he left no writings and most of his teachings are known from the writings of his students, particularly Plato and Xenophon. Plato was Socrates’ most famous disciple, and the majority of what most people know about Socrates is known about Plato’s Socrates. Plato was born to one of the wealthiest and politically influential families in Athens in B.C.E., the son of Ariston and Perictione. Socrates (ca. BCE) is hailed as one of the founders of Western philosophy, however, very little is known about him as a historical figure and philosopher. The best account of life and work of one of the most influential philosophers of all times is given by the later classical writers, in the first place by his students Plato and.
He was given to drink poison hemlock. Socratic Method Socrates main contribution to Western philosophy is his method of inquiry that was called after him Socratic method, sometimes also known as elenchus. According to the latter, a statement can be considered true only if it cannot be proved wrong.
The Socratic method which is dialectic breaks down a problem into a series of questions which are then sought to be answered. This method which is also used in scientific research by making a hypothesis and then either proving it correct or false, is by some suggested to be first used by Zeno of Elea ca.Socrates was such an important figure in Western philosophy that we call those who came before him Pre-Socratic philosophers Thales BC, considered to be the first philosopher because he introduced a different mode of thinking that relied on reason and observation of nature.
He is regarded as one of the most influential philosophers of the ancient era and is credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. Although he remains an enigmatic figure, he left no writings and most of his teachings are known from the writings of his students, particularly Plato and Xenophon.
Socrates (c. – BCE) is a founding figure in the history of Western philosophy, revered for his single-minded dedication to truth and virtue, for his great argumentative skill, and for his death, which came to be viewed as a martyrdom.
As a result of his public philosophizing in Athens, he was sentenced to death by the city’s democratic government for “impiety” and “corrupting.
Plato's Socrates also made important and lasting contributions to the field of epistemology, and the influence of his ideas and approach remains a strong foundation for much western philosophy that . Socrates (/ BCE) was a Greek philosopher and is considered the father of western philosophy.
Plato was his most famous student and would . In the ancient world, the most influential division of the subject was the Stoics' division of philosophy into logic, ethics, and physics (conceived as the study of the nature of the world, and including both natural science and metaphysics).