The two types of bipolar disorder

There is strong genetic evidence that these are artificial distinctions and that, in fact, this is a spectrum illness. Bipolar Type I is characterized by one or more manic episodes. A depressive or hypomanic episode is not required to fall into this category, but often occurs.

The two types of bipolar disorder

The two types of bipolar disorder

The 4 Types of Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder has four distinct types and is a bigger problem than people realize.

Currently, this disorder affects more than 5. With the rates of mental illnesses rising in the U. The characteristics of bipolar disorder revolve around normal, manic, and depressive phases.

In the manic phase, the individual has an abnormal elevated arousal state. As such, they could be feeling euphoric, hyperactive, energetic, or irritable. They could also have frenzied speech, delusions, and a decreased need for sleep. Depressive phases manifest in form of deep sadness, low mood, despair, and lethargy.

Sufferers feel ashamed, hopeless, worthless, and unlovable. They sleep during the day and experience insomnia at night. Read on to learn the types and causes of bipolar disorder. Though it is more common in women, men have an earlier onset of the disease.

Women may start with a depressive phase while men may start with a manic episode. Even so, the likely causes are: Genetic factors and family history Stressful or traumatic events Presence of another anxiety disorder, such as depression Biological or neurological changes, for example, due to hormonal imbalances Environmental factors, such as having a bipolar parent Various studies show certain genes increase the chance of having the disease.

What are the different types of bipolar disorder? | Bipolar Disorder - Sharecare

As for family history, many bipolar patients have someone in the family who has the disease as well. To be clear, having this family history does not mean the illness will occur.


Stressful events could involve death or being in an abusive relationship. They could involve suffering long-term illness. Such events trigger immense grief, pain, and even illness due to a weakened immune system.

Signs of this appear as anxiety, weight gain, affected memory, and high blood pressure. Alcohol and drug abuse rewire the brain thus making it dependent on the substances.

This rewiring is part of the biological or neurological changes causing mental illnesses. Last, going through childhood adversity also plays a role in becoming bipolar.

University of Manchester researchers found childhood adversity increased the risk of the disease. Examples of adversity range from neglect, the death of a parent, violence, to bullying. Unfortunately, bipolar disorder lasts a lifetime. As such, patients must learn how to manage their symptoms.

If not, they could become a danger to themselves and others. It comes in four types: Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder On average, it may take up to 6 years for someone to get a bipolar disorder diagnosis. This could be due to the difficulty of differentiating it from depression.

It could also be due to the presence of a co-occurring disorder or addiction. The American Journal of Managed Care says 56 percent of bipolar people have an addiction. Alcohol is the substance bipolar people abuse the most. Such substances complicate the disorder screening process.

They make it difficult to make a timely and accurate diagnosis.

What are the different types of bipolar disorder? | Bipolar Disorder - Sharecare

Some of them also experiment with many drugs. This skews the results of their medical checkups. Patients go through about three incorrect diagnoses before doctors discover they are bipolar.Bipolar disorder (BPD), previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood.

The elevated mood is significant and is known as mania or hypomania, depending on its severity, or whether symptoms of psychosis are present. During mania, an individual behaves or . Sep 10,  · Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.

There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity. Unlike bipolar disorder, also known as bipolar I, bipolar II disorder is not characterized by manic episodes but by depressive episodes as well as hypomanic episodes that occur in’s one of the more commonly diagnosed types of bipolar disorder, and it can be disruptive for patients, making it difficult for them to have positive and healthy relationships or thrive in the workplace.

The two types of bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is characterized by depression and at least one manic episode. In this video, Tarique Perera, MD, a psychiatrist with Contemporary Care of Connecticut, discusses the different types of bipolar disorder.

• Bipolar I: Bipolar I disorder involves at least one manic episode, which should last for at least seven days.

Sufferers may also experience bouts of major depression for two weeks or more. The symptoms of mania in this condition tend to be noticeable and disturbing, so manic episodes are easy to identify. There are two main types of bipolar disorders: bipolar I and bipolar II.

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, bipolar I disorder involves episodes of severe mania and often depression. Bipolar II disorder involves a less severe form of mania called hypomania.

Bipolar II | Dual Diagnosis